Schain v. Schmidt
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT
R ULINGS BY SUMMARY ORDER DO NOT HAVE PRECEDENTIAL EFFECT . C ITATION TO A SUMMARY ORDER FILED ON OR AFTER J ANUARY 1,
, IS PERMITTED AND IS GOVERNED BY F EDERAL R ULE OF A PPELLATE P ROCEDURE 32.1 AND THIS COURT ' S L OCAL R ULE 32.1.1.
W HEN CITING A SUMMARY ORDER IN A DOCUMENT FILED WITH THIS COURT , A PARTY MUST CITE EITHER THE F EDERAL A PPENDIX OR AN
ELECTRONIC DATABASE ( WITH THE NOTATION " SUMMARY ORDER "). A PARTY CITING A SUMMARY ORDER MUST SERVE A COPY OF IT ON
ANY PARTY NOT REPRESENTED BY COUNSEL .
At a stated term of the United States Court of Appeals
for the Second Circuit, held at the Daniel Patrick Moynihan
United States Courthouse, 500 Pearl Street, in the City of
New York, on the twenty-third day of September, two thousand
PRESENT: ROGER J. MINER,
PIERRE N. LEVAL,
RICHARD C. WESLEY,
MARISSA SCHAIN, DANIEL BOGATIN, OLIVIA ALMENGOR,
BENNO C. SCHMIDT, PHILIP A. BERRY, VALERIE L. BEAL, RITA
DIMARTINO, JOSEPH J. LHOTA, HUGO M. MORALES, PETER S.
PANTALEO, KATHLEEN M. PESILE, CAROL A. ROBLES-ROMÃN, MARC V.
SHAW, CHARLES A. SHORTER, SAM A. SUTTON, JEFFREY S.
WIESENFELD, CHRISTOPH KIMMICH, FREIDA D. FOSTER-TOLLBERT,
FOR APPELLANTS: PHINEAS E. LEAHEY, Jones Day (Todd R.
Geremia and Briana R. Hulet, of counsel), New York, NY.
FOR APPELLEES: ROBERT C. WEISZ, Assistant Solicitor General of the State of New York, New York, NY.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District (Kaplan, J.).
UPON DUE CONSIDERATION, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED AND DECREED that the judgment of the District Court be AFFIRMED.
Appellants appeal from a judgment of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (Kaplan, J.). Having earlier dismissed most of their claims on a motion for summary judgment, the District Court disposed of the remaining claim on a motion for judgment on the pleadings, issuing its final Order on March 11, 2010.
Appellants commenced the action below pursuant to 28U.S.C.
§ 1331, the First and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution, and 42U.S.C. § 1983, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief voiding Brooklyn College's procedure for refunding mandatory NY-PIRG fees to students who object to funding NY-PIRG, as well as CUNY's regulations governing expenditures by student organizations. We assume the parties' familiarity with the underlying facts, the procedural history, and the issues presented for review.
Appellants seek reversal of the District Court's ruling that the challenged refund procedure is adequate as a matter of law. They ground their argument on the line of precedent known collectively as the "union cases." See, e.g., Chicago Teachers Union Local No. 1 v. Hudson, 475 U.S. 292 (1986); see also Seidemann v. Bowen, 499 F.3d 119 (2d Cir. 2007).
However, the Supreme Court of the United States has ruled that the "union cases" do not apply to a university's assessment and distribution of a mandatory student activity fee. Southworth v. Bd. of Regents of the Univ. Of Wis.
Syst., 529 U.S. 217, 232 (2000). Thus, the procedural requirements informing Seidemann cannot be imposed in the instant action, and the challenged refund procedure, supported as it is by explanations offered by defendants below, is adequate as a matter of law.
Appellants further seek to overturn the District Court's dismissal of their challenge to the fiscal regulations governing NY-PIRG's campus activities. However, neither a facial nor an as-applied challenge to these regulations was presented in a manner sufficient to survive summary judgment. First, the regulations are facially unobjectionable, since they categorize organizations receiving student funds by their organizational structure, rather than their ideological viewpoint. Second, the record below does not support an as-applied challenge to the regulations, as no plaintiffs allege either that they or their organization were denied a particular classification under the regulations or that they suffered a cognizable injury as a result of the regulations' operation. Finally, the record below does not support a reasonable inference that the regulations, although facially neutral, operate as a pretext for viewpoint-based discrimination.
We decline to rule on Appellants' ancillary motions regarding retention of plaintiffs and reaffirmation of jurisdiction, since these motions were crafted with an eye to a possible remand for further proceedings, which possibility we hereby forego.
For the foregoing reasons, the judgment of the district court is hereby AFFIRMED.
FOR THE COURT: Catherine O'Hagan Wolfe, Clerk
* The Clerk of the Court is respectfully directed to amend the official caption in this action to conform to the caption in this order.